02 March 2014
Classical College vs . Positive School
During the mid and late 18th century as well as the early nineteenth century, since countries began to urbanise, criminal activity rates increased and punishments for criminal offenses became severe. With many judicial systems turning out to be corrupted, the advantages of societal reform during this time was growing. All of the changes that were gradually brought about are strongly related to the origins of modern legal schools. Two major schools of thought have equally significantly resulted in the development of modern-day modern criminology: the classical school as well as the positivist university. Cesare Beccaria, " main scholars to formulate [an] comprehension of why people commit criminal offenses, вЂќ is a notable theorist whose theories lead to the introduction of the traditional school, which focused more on the person and the belief that only that individual was responsible for their activities, not that the outside origin could have inspired their behaviour (Siegel 9). The positivist school believes " that heredity can make criminal conduct unavoidable or perhaps inevitableвЂќ for some individuals (The Positive School). Although the traditional school started emerging throughout the eighteenth 100 years, it was not until the nineteenth century that criminology attained respect like a valid technological field of study; if the positivist institution attempted to " use the technological method to execute researchвЂќ around the causes of crime (Siegel 10). Both the time-honored and great schools are the observation of behaviour from where theories upon what causes the behaviours had been developed. With their proposed theories of human behaviour, every single school wanted to change the judicial system and sentencing of individuals who was simply involved in criminal acts. The main idea shared by theorists in equally schools of thought " involved separating and fixing the specific [defects] that lead to his / her criminal conduct, вЂќ and the need for a punishment that specifically...
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